Work-based Learning Toolkit and Partnership Plans

On the Job Training

On-the-job training is training which takes place in the normal work environment. It is the most common type of work-based learning throughout an individual’s working life. It involves practical ‘hands-on’ training. On-the-job training is normally the most effective approach to training employees. Many of these training options emphasize the role of co-workers and managers in training fellow employees. [1]

On-the-job training, also known as OJT, is teaching the skills, knowledge, and competencies that are needed for employees to perform a specific job within the workplace and work environment. Employees learn in an environment in which they will need to practice the knowledge and skills taught in the on-the-job training.

The simple objective of OJT is to use the existing environment, tools, and skill training that are available in their workplace to train an employee to do their job—on the job. [2]

Review of On the Job Work Based Learning – focus on SME Innovation potential

Work Based Learning Structure Type of training Type of Learner Innovation Potential
Apprenticeship On the Job Formal training – mixture of theoretical classroom and on the job training experience

 

Un/Low Skilled, External Learner coming into company Practical occupational training.

In the context of Age Friendly Economy  – low innovation potential

Internship On the Job Formal training – on the job training experience Skilled but usually not experienced, usually external Learner coming into company Interns can bring new and up to date skills to a company. High innovation potential
Job Shadowing On the Job – Usually informal experience where an individual from one area of the organisation has the opportunity to work alongside and gain experience of the role of another Usually internal – both full time and part time staff can benefit from it. Could also be a visitor/guest to the company doing the shadowing High innovation potential – enables individuals to view processes they are involved in from a different angle. Opportunity to reflect and learn from others
Job rotation On the Job – An extension of Job Shadowing. Method of On the Job Training – involves movement of employee from one job to another to gain knowledge and experience from different job assignments. This method helps the trainee under­stand the problems of other employees Usually internal – both full time and part time staff can benefit from it. High innovation potential – enables individuals to view processes they are involved in from a different angle. Opportunity to reflect and learn from others
Mentoring/Coaching On the job training experience that see’s the employee placed under a particular supervisor who functions as a coach in training and provides feedback. Business owners often have mentors Usually internal – both full time and part time staff can benefit from it.

SME owners can also benefit from a mentor. E.g in Ireland, the Local Enterprise Offices provide business mentors

High innovation potential – mentoring enables you to tap into the experience of others who have already achieved what you hope to achieve

 

[1] http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0026/002606/260677E.pdf

[2] https://www.thebalancecareers.com/how-on-the-job-training-brings-you-value-1917941

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